Developing a security plan should not be approached as a tick the box activity. It should constantly be reviewed and revised. A well thought out security and antipiracy plan will mitigate most risks and should include the 6D Methodology:

Detect: Use all available intelligence reports to predict or ascertain the location of pirates. Use radar and watch to identify suspicious vessels. Monitor radio and fax for updated intelligence. Your security team should have intelligence reports sent to them at least daily. Good intelligence is the number one asset of any reputable security provider.

Dodge: Take actions to avoid suspicious vessels. All pirate or suspected pirate activity should be on the ship’s navigation charts. Increase watch if necessary. Defer to the expertise of the team leader for course changes applicable to avoiding potential or known pirate activity.

Deter: In the event that detection and dodging does not work, employ measures to try and discourage the pirates. Deploy armed guards to appropriate locations on the vessel (e.g. bridge wings) to display their intent to follow the escalation of force protocol.

Delay: Take actions to delay the pirates. BMP-4 provides several options (increase speed, make turns/create wake, turn on fire hoses, etc.) The security team, if employed, will consult the master on all security issues.

Defend: The security team should be well into their Rules of the Use of Force or Escalation of Force procedures. Their job is now to prevent boarding.

Defeat: Use the minimum force necessary to defeat the aggressors and prevent injury or loss of assets while maintaining legal, moral, and ethical standards.